The church of San Pietro A Cedda


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La Chiesa di San Pietro a Cedda

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Val d'Elsa

San Pietro a Cedda

We have no news concerning the events of a possible settlement, which however appears as already equipped with a church in the first half of the 11 C. In the donation of August 10, 998 in favour of the Badia di Marturi three trusts were registered in Cedda.

San Pietro A Cedda is a single nave church with a semicircular apse and bell tower set to the right of the building.

The gabled facade (partially covered by a more recent building) has a portal with piers and monolithic lunette; the ring of the round archivolt (inspired by the Pisan taste) proposes vegetal motifs obtained from stiacciato (bunches of grapes, wicker weaves, palmettes and flowers are recognizable).

A frieze with stylized racemes frames the architrave decorated with a Romanesque cross placed to distinguish square rosettes, according to a motif already worked in the parish church of Sant'Agnese.

Internally the church is divided into two sectors by a transverse arch. The arch is set on a cruciform pillar leaning against the side wall.

Both half-columns, at the base of which bulls are visible, have a richly decorated capital. The capital of the right half-column, damaged at the top, is carved with rough anthropomorphic figures separated by vine shoots and bunches of grapes.

The apse, divided by two half-cylindrical pilasters, has been built in the Lombard manner and two blind arches run along the side walls near the presbytery. The apse single-lancet window has an archivolt decorated with the usual rosette motif and, in the ricassatura, two columns, one of which is tortile, support the internal arch. This decorative solution is very rare to find in rural Tuscan churches and testifies to the cultural liveliness present in Valdelsa in the Middle Ages; vivacity that acquires autonomous characteristics in the fusion of local elements with others of different origins. A language elaborated thanks to the presence of the Via Francigena, a vehicle for the transmission of cultural languages ​​of Lombard-Po origin, and the use of properly local languages, such as the decorative tradition of Volterra.

S. Pietro a Cedda - constitutes one of the more beautiful example of Romanesque architecture in Valdelsa. It has only one nave, one apse and many beautiful Romanesque stonework decorations. There is also a tabernacle of the Mino da Fiesole school. The Florentine school triptych from this church dates from about 1300 and is exhibited in art museum of Colle di Val d'Elsa.

Poggibonsi

History

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Val d'Elsa

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